Correlation of Oil and Forex
Oil and the forex market are closely tied together in an invisible string. Whenever one avenue is affected by changing prices, the opposing side gets to experience the effects of the price changes. It’s a connection that continues to exist for a number of reasons, top among them being market psychology, the balance of trade, and resource distribution.
Additionally, there’s also the deflationary and inflationary crude oil pressures that continue to exaggerate the funding for traders when the trending periods become stronger—both positively and negatively.
The U.S Dollar and Oil
Crude oil just as is the case with forex funding is quoted using the USD. As such, each downtick or uptick in the price of crude oil or on the dollar creates a sudden realignment between forex markets and the greenback. Such actions tend to be less related in countries such as Japan, which doesn’t have noteworthy reserves of crude oil.
On the other hand, they are more linked in countries such as Brazil, Russia, and Canada which have big oil deposits which the countries use in funding for traders.
How Do Oil Correlations Occur?
A majority of countries with oil reserves opted to leverage their oil deposits between the early 90s and mid-2000s when the energy market experienced an upsurge. Those that opted to go through this route ended up borrowing large sums of money for use in forex funding, initiation of social programs, to expand their military operations, and to build infrastructure.
In 2008, the bills started to arrive, which forced some nations to double down while others chose to deleverage after their economies started to collapse. For those that doubled down, the new cash injection ensured that their economies remained stable, until in 2014 when the crude oil prices started to collapse.
Countries such as Brazil, Russia, and Canada, and a host of other energy-rich nations have found them struggling since 2014. This has also led to the plummeting of their national currencies, with some experiencing additional pressure to offload some of their other commodities. This pressure to sell has raised concerns that the global market may soon start to deflate.
The emergence of these new fears has not helped matters as all it has done is to increase the connection between economic centers, crude oil, and other affected commodities. As this connection becomes stronger, countries that don’t have any crucial energy reserves such as Australia have seen their currencies continue to plummet at the same rate as that of oil-rich countries.
As you can see from the examples above, oil is increasingly showing a correlation with some of the major global currencies. The leading reason here is that crude oil is always quoted in U.S dollars. As a result, a change in prices means that all other connected commodities will also begin to suffer. Another reason is that overdependence on international oil exports means that oil-producing countries will continue to feel an impact whenever there is a downtrend or uptrend in the energy sectors.